Department of Foreign Relations
Kurdistan Regional Government
MON, 8 FEB 2016 06:48 Erbil, GMT +3
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 06:48:36

General information



The Kurdistan Region and the rest of Iraq are +3 hours ahead of Greenwich Meantime (GMT).



The local currency is the Iraqi Dinar. US Dollars are also widely used. Exchange rates as of 3 May 2011:
1 US Dollar = 1,166 Iraqi Dinars
1 Euro = 1,724 Iraqi Dinars
1 British Pound = 1,922 Iraqi Dinars

(For up-to-date exchange rates please visit or

Please be aware that there are currently very few ATM machines or credit card facilities. Cash is the only method of payment in the vast majority of shops, hotels and restaurants. Ensure you take enough with you in US dollars or Iraqi dinars for all your expenses including the hotel bill. Exchange facilities are available at the airport, international hotels and exchange shops in the bazaars.



Internet connections are available in many hotels and some private internet cafes, though not all connections are broadband speed.



Note: Voltage is 220v. Both UK three-pronged and European two-pronged plugs are in use. Visitors are advised to take a universal adapter with them.  However, adapters can be purchased in small electrical shops in the bazaars of towns and cities.



Asiacell, Korek, the Kurdistan Region’s largest mobile phone service operators, have roaming agreements with several foreign operators, including European, US and UK companies. If you wish to use your mobile locally please check with your mobile phone service operator whether it has a roaming agreement with Asiacell or Korek.

Rather than using your home mobile SIM card, it may be cheaper to buy a local SIM card which can be purchased in some hotels and shops—especially in the bazaars. Top-up payment cards for local SIMs are widely available in hotels and shops.



Letters and packages can be sent by normal post from the Kurdistan Region abroad, but at present they cannot be sent from abroad to the Kurdistan Region. Fedex and DHL offer air freight services to and from Kurdistan, please contact them for details.

The post office in Erbil is near the Citadel, close to the old court building. Please ask for directions. The Arabic word for post, which is also used in Kurdish, is ‘bareed’.



Satellite television with CNN and BBC World is available in most hotels. The main regional English-language newspapers are the Kurdish Globe, Rudaw and AK News.



Travel by car in the Kurdistan Region is very simple and generally safe.  Private cars and drivers are available, but they can often be quite expensive.   Taxis are a far more economical option, and they are readily available on most major roads in all the cities.  A ride to or from almost anywhere in the cities normally costs somewhere between 3-5,000 ID, and you can catch a seat in a shared taxi between any of the major cities for 10-25,000 ID depending on the distance—just ask a city taxi driver “garajee + the name of city/town where you want to go”.*

There are generally two types of taxis in the cities.  Some are painted orange and white, while others are painted a light tan colour.  The light tan taxis are driven by government vetted drivers, and they are considered to be safest—these cars are usually newer and cleaner also.



Erbil to Suleimaniah - 170 km, approx. three hours drive
Erbil to Dohuk - 245 km, approx. three hours drive
Dohuk to Suleimaniah - 340 km, approx. five hours drive



Kurdish cuisine is based on lamb, chicken, rice and bread, and the use of many fresh herbs and vegetables. Fish served in restaurants is often barbecued over an open fire to make a traditional Iraqi dish called mazgouf. Fresh fruit or paklava, a Middle Eastern flaky pastry and nut dessert, is usually served after the main course. While many types of fruit and vegetables are available throughout the year, seasonal and local products, such as wild asparagus, native rhubarb, green almonds and buffalo yoghurt, are highly prized and enjoyed. Black tea with sugar is the most popular beverage both inside and outside the home. Drinking alcohol in moderation is acceptable in some restaurants and hotels. Drunken and loud behaviour is frowned upon.



A list of national holidays and important dates is available here:



There are two dialects of Kurdish spoken in the Kurdistan Region in Iraq: Kurmanji, spoken mainly in Dohuk, and Sorani, spoken in Erbil and Suleimaniah.

English Kurdish
How are you? Choni?
Good morning Bayani Bash
Good afternoon Ewara Bash
Good night Shaw Bash
Good day Roj Bash
Welcome Bakher Beyt
How much is this? Ama ba chanda?
Yes Bale
No Na
Please Bey-zahmet/T’kaya
You’re welcome Shayani niya
Mr Ahmed Kak Ahmed (honorific term for men)
Miss/Mrs Sayran Sayran Khan (honorific term for women)
With pleasure Sar chaw
Excuse me Ba yarmateet
Do you speak English Inglizi ezani?
I don’t speak Kurdish Kurdi nazanm
Tea without sugar! Chai bey shakr



*For example: if you are in Suleimaniah and you want to go to Erbil (Hawler), say “Garajee Hawler.”  For the reverse trip you would say, “Garajee Suleimaniah.”


KRG delegation participates in supporting Syria Conference in London

Sun, 07 Feb 2016 08:49:31

More than 70 heads of state, heads of government and ministers, the UN Secretary General, heads of international organizations, NGOs and private sector representatives gathered in London last week for Support Syrians and The Region conference to pledge their support for the growing aid needs of the Syrian people.

President Barzani: Time is Apt for Kurdistan to Hold Referendum

Tue, 02 Feb 2016 11:49:23

Kurdistan Region President Masoud Barzani says that the time has come for the people of Kurdistan to make a decision through a referendum on their future. In a statement on Tuesday, he also criticized those who have made hostile statements about the holding of a referendum in Kurdistan. 

Assistant Head of DFR receives Indonesian Charge d’Affaires to Iraq

Mon, 01 Feb 2016 13:02:59

Ms. Siham Mamand, Assistant Head of the Department of Foreign Relations, today received Mr. S. Ari Wardhana, Indonesian Charge d’Affaires to Iraq.